In-depth: The Abortion Debate in Fallowfield and Beyond

A couple of weeks ago we published a story looking in to an anti-abortion campaign that had been running outside a clinic here in Fallowfield. In this article, we take a look at the two parties involved and what some of the wider arguments are.

In Fallowfield: Who is involved?

The Clinic

An organisation that provides contraception and abortion services in 37 countries. Marie Stopes International also offer several other health services including family planning and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. They faced controversy in the UK in 2016 when the Care Quality Commission suspended some of their abortion services over concerns that proper protocols were not being followed and staff were inadequately trained.

The campaigners

40 Days for Life exists primarily in the USA but also in 28 countries worldwide. Their website proclaims that they have prevented over 12 thousand abortions and last autumn a total of 105,000 people participated in their campaigning. Although it doesn’t appear to be the case in Fallowfield, some of their groups in the UK have been criticised for using intimidating tactics such as: displaying graphic images and filming people going in to clinics.

Video: pro-life and pro-choice protesters come face to face in Ireland.

Anti-abortion campaigns and the law

In the UK, there are currently no laws against campaigning directly outside a clinic if those doing so are not stood on private property. The 40 days for Life group in Fallowfield contact the police to notify them of their presence. As they haven’t done anything that legally counts as harassment, they can stand where they do.

Proposed buffer zones

In 2014, the British Pregnancy Advice Service began to push for the introduction of buffer zones outside clinics. The back off campaign calls for legislation to prevent women facing anti-abortion groups when accessing clinics. BPAS say on their website that this would not be about ending the discussion but that:

“Women accessing pregnancy advice and abortion services are not seeking debate – they are trying to make their own personal decision about their own pregnancy.”

The arguments

Claims of links to cancer

The link between abortion and breast cancer emerged in the 1990s and is often cited by anti-abortion groups as a reason not to go through with the procedure. While certain states in the USA still require doctors by law to warn patients of a potential link, the mainstream scientific community have concluded it to be untrue. In 2012, the World Health Organisation published a journal in which they said: “Sound epidemiological data show no increased risk of breast cancer for women following spontaneous or induced abortion”.

The 40 Days for Life material states that: “Many studies show an increased risk of breast cancer after abortion of a first pregnancy. However, other studies dispute this”. The leaflet goes on to say that it is widely agreed giving birth to a child helps to reduce risk of breast cancer. Research shows that 10 years after a pregnancy, the risk drops below that of women who don’t have children, if one gives birth at a certain age.

abortion leaflet

The side-effects of abortion section of the 40 Days for Life leaflet.

When does life begin?

The big moral question at the core of the debate is the dispute over when life starts and at what point a person becomes entitled to human rights. Mr David Gazdecki, the campaigner we quoted in the first article, believes that:

“From the point of conception human rights apply.”

This belief is at the centre of the pro-life stance. Another argument to back this up comes from the harrowing process of infanticide, where an infant is killed within a year of birth. Pro-life advocates argue that the reasons supporting abortion could also apply to infanticide and that there is no way to differentiate between the two and so human rights must apply to an unborn child as well.

On the other hand, the pro-choice side argues that the difference comes from the fact that an embryo is completely reliant on the mother and the mother’s organs. While a child would require some level of care to survive once born this would not necessarily have to come from the biological mother. Therefore, the life inside a woman has no moral status until she chooses to give birth to it.

Further justification comes from the natural loss of fertilised egg. Professor Wendy Savage, a Cambridge educated gynaecologist and avid campaigner for women’s rights told us that:

“50% of fertilised ova are lost before a period is missed and another 10% in the first trimester of pregnancy so it is more usual for a fertilised egg not to become a person than to do so”

Prof. Savage also pointed out that currently a foetus is not legally considered a human being.

Video: Snippet of a 2016 interview with current American President Donald Trump. 

Reflection

While writing about abortion it has been difficult to keep my own thoughts away from the page. I wanted to write something which would show a little bit of either side rather than attest to my support of abortion.

My view has not changed but I have learnt that the debate is far more alive than I perceived it to be. I thought the UK had mostly decided abortion was a sound and acceptable procedure. Instead, I discovered that it is only available in Northern Ireland under strict criteria and is classified as ‘unlawful’, while across the UK, a woman can be prosecuted for taking abortion pills herself; a law which was passed before women had the right to vote.

You could write pages upon pages for and against abortion, specifically its moral and ethical implications. It is an argument that will continue for a long time to come and one thing you can be certain of – neither side will bow down without a fight.

Have your say 

 

 

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Social Unrest in Manchester’s Student Capital

Anti-social behaviour is the most commonly reported crime in Fallowfield; a suburb that has been home to Manchester’s students since Edwardian times.

While the student population provides an economic boost for the area it also creates some social issues. Within the population, there are those that have fun without causing any detriment to others; the problems occur when some people find themselves clashing with older residents and families.

Fallowfield crime statistics

Number of each crime reported in Fallowfield – Jan 2016 – Dec 2016

In 2016, anti-social behaviour accounted for nearly a third of the 1822 crimes that were reported to police. The law defines ASB as behaving in a way that: “Caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons.”

Last year the two Manchester universities funded a scheme which hired security guards to patrol the area during key dates. If a household violates a noise abatement notice given by the police it can lead to various consequences – from the confiscations of equipment to criminal prosecution.

The map shows some of the worst streets for noise complaints and ASB.

Mary Bainbridge lives in Fallowfield and has been a resident here for over 10 years. She told us that: “We have always had problems here with parties and young people causing trouble”. Mrs Bainbridge went on to explain that her family is regularly disturbed late at night.

Students on the other hand would argue that anyone living in Fallowfeld must expect a certain level of disturbance in an area dominated by young people. 22-year-old psychology student Jamie Green thinks that: “If people have a problem here they should move to one of the multiple other Manchester suburbs that are known to be quieter.”

Video: aftermath of a Halloween party in Fallowfield.

Of course, not all the crime and anti-social behaviour is committed by students and they can often find themselves the victims. The police list ‘keeping the students of Manchester safe’ as one of their priorities in Fallowfield and Manchester City Council states that 1 in 10 students will become victims of crime.

 

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Anti-abortion Campaign Nears End

The anti-abortion group 40 Days for Life are coming to the end of their latest round of campaigning outside an abortion clinic in Fallowfield.

The organisation is internationally recognised and they are currently operating in 28 countries. In each of the individual cities the campaigns are organised and managed by local people. As the name suggests, they last for 40 days and are usually ran once in the spring and once in the autumn.

Volunteers run the time as a vigil where they work in shifts and attempt to hand out leaflets to people going in to the clinic. Their current spring campaign here in Fallowfield will end tomorrow, on April 9th.

The clinic itself is part of the non-governmental organisation and registered charityMarie Stopes International. They offer NHS and private services. The private element of the clinic is mostly to offer abortions to people travelling from countries such as Ireland, where it remains illegal.

A Campaigners Voice

David Gazdecki, one of the campaigners, said he was there to: ‘Give educational and helpful information to women approaching the clinic.’ He also stated he believes human life begins at the point of conception and so he was there to: ‘Uphold human rights for all people.’

Pro-life leaflet.

Leaflets handed out by campaigners

He believed that many of the women using the clinic were not properly informed and that the private aspect provided an incentive to carry out maximum procedures. Although private abortions have created controversy, Marie Stopes’ website says that they: ‘…only charge the minimum necessary to provide a high-quality service.’ They also state that any surplus money is re-invested in their world-wide work. Their 2015 Global Impact Report estimated that 21 million women were using a method of contraception provided by them.

Is there a Conflict?

Although the very sensitive nature of the issue can create conflict when the opposing sides of the debate meet, Mr Gazdecki described the volunteers’ behaviour as: ‘Respectful and courteous.’ He said that they are not there to judge or to tell anyone what decision to make, they are simply there: ‘To be someone for people to speak to.’ Despite their best intentions, it would likely be difficult for their presence alone not to cause some level of distress for some of the patients.

Whichever side of the debate you agree with, the accumulative outcomes of these small community clashes will have international ramifications.

Marie Stopes International were unavailable for comment.

Further reading:

  1. Pro-life of pro-choice – what does it all mean?
  2. The abortion debate is not about you.
  3. Arguments for and against abortion.
  4. Have a listen to this BBC Radio 4 discussion.
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